Soil: Artemisia likes well-draining soil of average quality. Leistner, O.A. Not registered yet? (1992) as 'a condiment with supposed magical properties'. Dig planting holes for the artemisia plants that are between 18 and 24 inches apart. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Hutchings, A. Africa COVID-19: Tests for 'miracle cure' herb Artemisia begin. Investigation of leaf exudate flavonoids revealed the presence of two luteolin methyl ethers. Uses range from treating cough, fever, colic, headache, to intestinal parasites and malaria. ); wilde-als (Afr. The stems are ribbed with strong swollen lines that run all the way up. A. afra is the only indigenous species in this genus. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. The list of uses covers a wide range of ailments from coughs, colds, fever, loss of appetite, colic, headache, earache, intestinal worms to malaria. plan du site; Notre boutique utilise des cookies pour améliorer l'expérience utilisateur et nous vous recommandons d'accepter leur utilisation pour profiter pleinement de votre navigation. Dorling Kindersley, London. Its stem is erect brownish or violet brown. It is in the Asteraceae, (daisy) family, but you will not see a lot of showy flowers with this plant.Most artemisias are grown as foliage plants and valued for their filagree-like leaves. On 21 April 2020, Madagascar President Andry Rajoelina officially launched a coronavirus "cure" dubbed "Covid-Organic". Artemisia is used in many different ways and one of the most common practices is to insert fresh leaves into the nostrils to clear blocked nasal passages (Van Wyk et al. Some people even pulled the … Artemisia afra alleviates and cures diabetes. In addition… Artemisia will greatly benefit from a little mulch spread around its base, especially in very hot climates. Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. It grows primarily in areas that are damp, such as by the side of streams, and also in transitional areas between ecosystems. In the wild it grows at altitudes between 20-2 440 m on damp slopes, along streamsides and forest margins. The genus name Artemisia honours Artemis, the Greek goddess of hunting (Jackson 1990). By consuming the leaves of Artemisia Annua, it will neutralize the stomach acid and also will treat the wound that is in the wall of the stomach. She was also a famous botanical and medical researcher (Bremness 1988). Artemisia Tea. ex Willd. The species name afra means from Africa. Tutoriel de la culture des Artemisia annua et afra en Afrique subtropicale Jackson, W.P.U. Then, water once a … The individual creamy yellow flowers are small (3-4 mm in diameter), nodding and crowded at the tips of the branches. Phytomedicine. Artemisia afra is a common species in South Africa with a wide distribution from the Cederberg Mountains in the Cape, northwards to tropical East Africa and stretching as far north as Ethiopia. And scientists in South Africa have been doing laboratory tests on artemisia annua and another variety of the plant - artemisia afra - for effectiveness against … Irregular eating patterns can be one cause of ulcer disease. Actively growing in the summer months, it should be able to take quite low temperatures during the winter months. Artemisia annua belongs to the plant family of Asteraceae and is an annual short-day plant. Nzimande said the department has reassigned R15 million from existing Indigenous Knowledge projects to support COVID-19 interventions. Artemisia afra is a well-known medicinal plant in Africa, and is still used by people of many cultures. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) has since cautioned that there was no proof for any coronavirus cure at the time of Covid-Organic's launch. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Artemisia afra grows in clumps, with ridged, woody stems, reaching from 0.5 meters to 2 meters in height. Van Wyk, B., Van Oudtshoorn, B. She also mentions that wilde-als with its painkilling and relaxing properties could be of real value to today's stressful society. Langana represents a Sotho-derived name for Artemisia afra. Developed by the Madagascar Institute of Applied Research, the herbal tea was made using artemisia and other locally-sourced herbs claiming the tea strengthens immunity. Artemisia Absanth is not the same, do not use it as a treatment. ... Artemisia afra, Absinthe africaine. Bremness, L. 1988. Huxley, A., Griffiths, M. & Levy, M. (eds). It seems that it is equivalent or even superior to Artemisia annua in vitro and in vivo trials, or in anecdotical reports from Tanzania. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. The leaves are dark green, of soft texture, and similar in shape to fern leaves. Indigenous healing plants. It is an annual, indigenous to Europe, Iran, Siberia and North Africa, is commonly known as mugwort, and is described by Huxley et al. A herb touted by Madagascar's government as healing coronavirus is undergoing tests by a group of international researchers. Artemisia afra Jacq., is found throughout Africa as a common species in the southern, central and eastern Africa and extends as far north as Ethiopia. Livingstone, London. The roots, stems and leaves are used as enemas, poultices, infusions, lotions, inhaled (e.g. Medicinal plants of South Africa. They used it to strengthen the immune system and help your body fight against pathogens as well as chronic diseases. Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House, South Africa. It likes the sun and grows well in poor soil for a few years at a time with little watering. Wilde-als brandy is a very popular medicine still made and sold today. In his honour she built a magnificent tomb called the Mausoleum, known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Pooley, E. 2003. This tough and easy-to-grow species adds texture and colour with its fine, silver-grey foliage. Fast-growing, established shrubs are very tough and will slowly spread to form thicker clumps. 1962. 2003. Artemisia afra grows in thick, bushy, slightly untidy clumps, usually with tall stems up to 2 m high, but sometimes as low as 0.6 m. The stems are thick and woody at the base, becoming thinner and softer towards the top. Artemisia Afra is a member of the daisy or Asteraceae family. The undersides of the leaves are a lighter green, and are covered with white bristles. The roots, stems and leaves are used as enemas, poultices, infusions, lotions, inhaled (e.g. African collections of Artemisia afra. Light: Artemisia loves sunshine and will show its best growth in full sun. It is also known as African Wormwood / Sagewood / Lengana / uMhlonyane. Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J. Login to add your Comment Briza Publications, Pretoria. Another interesting link to the name is Artemisia, the wife of the Greek/Persian King Mausolus, who ruled after his death in 353 BC. The roots, stems and leaves are used in many different ways and taken as enemas, poultices, infusions, body washes, lotions, smoked, snuffed or drunk as a tea. Fast forward your journey to wellness!. Water the artemisia plants with approximately 1 quart of water. Common names: wild wormwood, African wormwood (Eng. 1996. Munyangi J, Cornet-Vernet L, Idumbo M, et al. Plus d'informations . In June, Artemisia afra was in high demand on the streets of Johannesburg in South Africa. It is also known as African Wormwood / Sagewood / Lengana / uMhlonyane. 2 ) Poke these slips into well-drained soil. 2018;51:233-40. In addition, Artemisia afra is frequently used as a moth repellent, and in organic insecticidal sprays. Artemisia Afra is indigenous to South Africa, an organic and natural plan. Named after the Greek goddess Artemis, this soft aromatic shrub is one of the most popular medicinal plants in South Africa. This review is exhaustive and systematic organization of the available literature on Artemisia afra (A. afra) from January 1922 to July 2011. Artemisia afra needs full sun and heavy pruning in winter to encourage new lush growth in spring. Artemisia afra is a well-known medicinal plant in Africa, and is still used by people of many cultures. Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) is an herb that’s prized for its distinctive aroma, herbaceous flavor, and purported health benefits ().While native to Europe, it … It is also known as African Wormwood / Sagewood / Lengana / uMhlonyane. Artemisia Afra (Wilde Als) grows in most regions throughout Africa. A conspectus of the Cape flora of South Africa. Connexion . In an analysis of the sesquiterpene lactones of this species, 10 guaianolides and 5 glaucolides were detected in the overground parts of the plan. Artemisia Afra is a highly aromatic plant. Wormwood (Artemisia Afra ) is a perennial that is native to Europe and parts of Africa and Asia but now grows wild in the United States. The Artemisia Afra is used for treating a variety of aliments such as Coughs, Colds, Headaches, Chills, Dyspepsia, Loss of Appetite, Gastric Derangments, Whooping Cough, Gout, Diabetes, Bladder and Kidney Disorders, Fever, Heart Inflamation, Rheumatism. How to grow Artemisia from cuttings. Medicinal and poisonous plants of southern and eastern Africa. The tiny buds and shoots that form onthe woody stick will take best. Many of the other Artemisia species are aromatic perennials and are used medicinally. Strelitzia 10. National Botanical Institute, Cape Town. 1997). Artemisia afra is a well-known medicinal plant in Africa, and is still used effectively by people of many cultures. Medicinal Uses: Artemisia afra is … & Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. Other variants include: Learn how and when to remove this template message. Artemisia afra has traditionally been part of the herb garden, but this indigenous species is just as attractive in the garden used for display. Another maybe not so common use is to place leaves in socks for sweaty feet (Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk 1962). Strelitzia 14. Origins and meanings of names of South African plant genera. World-wide there are about 400 species of Artemisia, mainly from the northern hemisphere. smoked or snuffed), or as an essential oil. Mountain flowers. 1992. A. vulgaris is naturalized in the Eastern Cape. A third study by Dr Munyang separated the villagers into those served Artemisia Annua and those given the African specie, Artemisia Afra, which … (ed.). Pack the soil down around each of the artemisia plants using your hand or a trowel. Many smaller side branches shoot from the main stems. Strelitzia 9. Aretemisia afra is known by a variety of names, primarily due to the number of native dialects in regions where it grows. Watt, J. Essential oil extracts of Artemisia afra are prepared by steam distillation using twigs and blossoms. "One of the herbs our team is working on is Artemisia Afra (Umhlonyane in Nguni languages)," Nzimande said. Water: Artemisia has average watering needs. Cape plants. smoked or snuffed), or as an essential oil. It will do great from neutral to mildly alkaline soils. Effect of Artemisia annua and Artemisia afra tea infusions on schistosomiasis in a large clinical trial. Easy to grow, Artemisia afra is an essential part of the herb garden, and with its silver-grey foliage it makes a striking display in any garden. Lesley Bremness (1988) in The complete book of herbs, mentions that wormwood is included for its internal worm-expelling properties in the ancient Greek text of Dioscorides; Indians from New Mexico use similar varieties to treat bronchitis and colds; and the Chinese still use wormwood rolled up in the nostril to stop nosebleeds. 2000. Water regularly, but do not over water. Macmillan Press, London. New plants can be propagated by division or from cuttings that root easily in spring and summer. Roberts, M. 1990. Many of the exotic artemisias are popular garden plants. Artemisia afra, the African wormwood, is a common species of the genus Artemisia in Africa, with a wide distribution from South Africa, to areas reaching to the North and East, as far north as Ethiopia. La Maison de l’Artemisia is non-governmental organization (NGO), a non-profit under French law, which has been supporting for several years the players of the production, marketing and use of medicinal plants of the Artemisia genus in Africa, because of their anti-malarial power. Artemisia Afra is a highly aromatic plant. A. afra is the only indigenous species in this genus. The upper surface of the leaves is dark green whereas the undersides and the stems are covered with small white hairs, which give the shrub the characteristic overall grey colour.Â Very typical of A. afra is the strong, sticky sweet smell that it exudes when touched or cut. An herb is a plant that is valued for flavor, scent, medicinal and for spiritual purposes. Artemisia afra flowers in late summer, from March to May. Another cause is too high acid content in the stomach. What’s an Herb? The soft leaves are finely divided, almost fern-like. The genus of Artemisia contains about 300 species of plants. Herb Artemisia afra has recently attracted worldwide attention of researchers for its possible use in the modern diseases like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases etc. In addition, Artemisia afra is frequently used as a moth repellent, and in organic insecticidal sprays. The Plant List Artemisia afra Jacq. People take Artemisia herba-alba for cough, stomach and intestinal upset, the common cold, measles, diabetes, yellowed skin (jaundice), anxiety, irregular heartbeat, arthritis, and muscle weakness. WHO forecasts an alarming increase of diabetes in Africa, from 7 020 000 cases in 2000 to18 234 000 cases in 2030, with a high death toll if no efficient and affordable cure is found. Artemisia Afra is similar and is found – obviously in Africa. In Ethiopia, this plant is found in Bale, Sidamo, Arba Minch and Keffa (Mesfin Tadesse and Sebsebe Demissew, 1992). ); umhlonyane (isiXhosa); mhlonyane (isiZulu); lengana (Tswana); zengana (Southern Sotho). The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. The literature survey presents the number of publications with respect to time. The Flora Publications Trust, Durban. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Extracts contain the following components (via gas chromatography) which are typical of extracts of the genus Artemisia: Research suggests that the extract of Artemisia afra could have properties that can protect against liver damage; however, more research must be conducted. In our work with African Universities we have learned that in many countries of South and East African, a local plant, Artemisia afra was widely used against malaria. & Gericke, N. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 16:03. Artemisia afra, a popular South African traditional herbal medicine is commonly administered as a tea infusion of the leaves. Liesl van der WaltKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenApril 2004, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Aspect: Full Sun, Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). Artemisia afra is not threatened, and is assessed as Least Concern (LC) on the Red List of South African plants. The complete book of herbs. 2000. 1 Sacred Woman, Queen Afua 2 Rite of Passage to Womanhood, Artemisia Afra Better Living Plan. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artemisia_afra&oldid=988503101, Articles needing additional references from September 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A: Artemisia Annua is a herb that was first introduced in traditional Chinese medicine 1000 years ago. A. afra has been used for treating a variety of ailments such as coughs, fevers, colds, chills, dyspepsia, loss of appetite, gastric de-rangements, colic, croup, whooping-cough, gout, asthma, malaria, diabetes, bladder and kidney disorders, influenza, and convulsions. A. afra has been used for treating a variety of ailments such as coughs, fevers, colds, chills, dyspepsia, loss of appetite, gastric de-rangements, colic, croup, whooping-cough, gout, asthma, malaria, diabetes, bladder and kidney disorders, influenza, and convulsions. At Kirstenbosch it is often used in herbaceous plantings mixed with other summer and autumn perennials like the wild sages Hemizygia obermeyerae, Orthosiphon labiatus, Leonotis leonurus and Syncolostemon densiflorus, which make very interesting combinations of foliage and flower colour throughout the summer. View abstract. 1990. Artemisia Afra is indigenous to South Africa, an organic and natural plan. Artemisia Afra is … Click here to register. Artemisia afra is the only species in this genus indigenous to the African continent. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. It is used to treat many different medical conditions, particularly respiratory and inflammatory ailments (Liu et al., 2009). 1 ) Take slips from woody stems where pruning tookplace 1 or 2 months beforehand. Artemisia afra blossoms in late summer, producing abundant bracts of butter-colored flowers, each approximately 3 to 5 millimeters in diameter. For four years we have been studying this plant. Seed can be sown in spring or summer. It is extensively cultivated. A. afra has a very bitter taste and is usually sweetened with sugar or honey when drunk. Zulu medicinal plants. Geographical distribution of Artemisia afra. Artemisia afra grows across a wide geographic area, including Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and Namibia. The plant itself is hairless and naturally grows from 30 to 100 cm tall, although in cultivation it is … To treat COVID-19 symptoms, the Indigenous herb’s silvery leaves were for sale at roadside vendors and in the city’s popular traditional markets. While using Artemisia annua and Artemisia afra infusions for therapy and prophylaxis against malaria, a team of African doctors noticed that several patients who … Artemisia afra is one of the oldest and best known medicinal plants, and is still used effectively today in South Africa by people of all cultures. Artemisia afra exudes a pungent, sweet smell when any part of the plant is bruised. Artemisia afra is a common species in South Africa with a wide distribution from the Cederberg Mountains in the Cape, northwards to tropical East Africa and stretching as far north as Ethiopia.In the wild it grows at altitudes between 20-2 440 m on damp slopes, along streamsides and forest margins. Its stem is erect brownish or violet brown. & Gericke, N. 1997. University of Cape Town. Liu, N. Q., Van der Kooy, F., Verpoorte, R. van Wyk, B-E., van Oudtshoorn, B. Artemisia Afra is indigenous to South Africa, an organic and natural plan. Indeed, several plants of this taxonomic genus have both prophylactic and curative properties against malaria. Artemisia afra is one of the oldest, most well known and widely used traditional medicinal plants in South Africa. Margaret Roberts (1990) lists many other interesting uses in her book, Indigenous healing plants, which includes the use of A. afra in natural insecticidal sprays and as a moth repellent.